Bibliography

Here are some books and publications that offer good, general background on the history and development of our neighborhood and the city as a whole. Please contact us with any suggestions you may have for adding to this list


Bob Arnbeck. Through a Fiery Trial: Building Washington, 1790-1800. Madison Books, 1991. 701 pages. Detailed description of early political activities and land speculation, including references to a number of Hill residents.

Chris Myers Asch and George Derek Musgrove. Chocolate City: A History of Race and Democracy in the Nation’s Capital. University of North Carolina Press, 2017. 609 pages. With telling detail and personal stories that illustrate social trends, Asch and Musgrove have written a history of the city up to 2010 that highlights the impact of national racial policies and local politics on the structural organization of the city and on the lives of all its residents.

Scott W. Berg. Grand Avenues: The Story of the French Visionary Who Designed Washington, DC. Pantheon Books, 2007. 336 pages. This excellent biography of Pierre L'Enfant recounts his contentious relations with his official overseers as he mapped out a new federal city.

George R. Brown. Washington. A Not too Serious History. Norman, 1930. 481 pages, including a 40 page chapter on Capitol Hill history, plus other references. Described as "certainly one of the more readable, enjoyable books about the District."

Wilhelmus Bogart Bryan. A History of the National Capital. From its foundation through the period of the adoption of the Organic Act. 1790-1878. New York: Macmillan, 1914, 1916. 2 Volumes, 669 and 707 pages respectively.

Samuel C. Busey. Pictures of the City of Washington in the Past. Washington: Wm. Ballantyne & Sons, 1898. 384 pages.

Charles Carroll Carter, William C. diGiacomantonio and Pam Scott, with maps by Don Alexander Hawkins. Creating Capitol Hill: Place, Proprietors, and People. United States Capitol Historical Society, 2018. Comprised of four carefully researched essays, this may be the best book to date on the early history of the Capitol Hill neighborhood, with a particular focus on Daniel Carroll and other early land owners whose plantations gave way to this part of the new federal city. 304 pages, well illustrated, with excellent maps by Don Hawkins.

Elizabeth Clark-Lewis, Editor. First Freed: Washington, D.C., in the Emancipation Era. Howard University Press, 2002. 184 pages, paperback. Slaves in Washington were freed nearly a year before slaves in the rest of the country, and their owners were compensated for the loss of their property.

Stephanie Deutsch, editor. Capitol Hill Beyond the Monuments. Washington: Capitol Hill Art League, 1995. 112 pages. Black and white photographs of people and places on Capitol Hill. Juried entries by 40 mostly Capitol Hill photographers. Captures the essence of the community.

Paul Dickson and Thomas B. Allen. The Bonus Army: An American Epic. Walker & Company, 2004. 370 pages, with many photos. In the summer of 1932, in the depths of the Depression, some 45,000 World War I veterans descended on Washington to demand payment of a cash bonus promised them eight years earlier for their wartime service. In makeshift camps on Capitol Hill and elsewhere around the city, they rallied peacefully for two months but failed in their effort and were driven out of the city by U.S. troops under the command of Army Chief of Staff Douglas MacArthur.

Sandra Fitzpatrick and Maria R. Goodwin, with introduction by Adele Logan Alexander. The Guide to Black Washington. Places and events of historical and cultural significance in the Nation's Capital. New York: Hippocrene Books, 1990. 289 pages. Chapter 4, pages 59-72, covers Capitol Hill. Includes discussion of Duff Green's Row (1st Street between East Capitol Street and Independence Avenue SE); Frederick Douglass Home (316-318 A Street NE); Ebenezer United Methodist Church (4th and D Street SE); site of George Beall's School (3rd and D Street SE), later the site of Providence Hospital; Navy Place Alley between 6th & 7th Streets and G Street and the Southeast Freeway; Hopkins Place (12th and K Street SE); and Lincoln Park.

Patsy Mose Fletcher. Historically African American Leisure Destinations Around Washington, DC. The History Press, 2015. 191 pages. Recreation and places for leisure activities are often not discussed in civil rights histories but they provide an important facet of that history. This book contributes both research and photographs to a fuller understanding of the lives of Washington’s African Americans from the 1860s – 1950s.

Ernest B. Furgurson. Freedom Rising: Washington in the Civil War. Knopf, 2004. 463 pages. Stories of ordinary people – long-time residents and newcomers; slave, free and newly emancipated; soldiers and society figures – provide fascinating texture to the lives and thoughts of well-known political figures and generals who populated Washington during the Civil War.

C.R. Gibbs. Black, Copper, & Bright: The District of Columbia’s Black Civil War Regiment. With a foreword by Frank Smith. Three Dimensional Publishing, 2002. 278 pages, softcover. An interesting account of the formation and service of the First Regiment, United States Colored Troops, the African American men of the District of Columbia who volunteered to fight for the Union in the Civil War.

James M. Goode. Best Addresses. A Century of Washington's Apartment Houses. Smithsonian Institution Press, 1989. 587 pages. Photographs by James Stafford Phillips and James F. Tetro. ".a detailed history of more than a hundred of the capital's distinguished surviving apartment houses, as well as many landmarks that have been demolished." Includes Penn Mark at 650 Pennsylvania Avenue, SE, and the condominium behind it at 649 C Street SE.

James M. Goode. Capital Losses: A Cultural History of Washington's Destroyed Buildings. Smithsonian Institution Press, 1979. 517 pages. 474 illustrations. Includes the Taylor House (1876-1926) at 3rd and Massachusetts Avenue NE; the Caldwell House (1809-1933) at 206 Pennsylvania Avenue SE; Carroll Row (1800-1887) a block of five houses at 1st & A Street SE, replaced by the Library of Congress; Grant's Row (1871-1929) 14 brick residences on East Capitol Street between 2nd and 3rd Streets SE, now the site of the Folger Shakespeare Library; the Old Brick Capital (1815-1932) at the southeast corner of 1st and A Street NE, an early site of Tunnicliff's Tavern; and a later site at Pennsylvania and 9th Street SE (1795-1931) on the current site of Distad's; and the Varnum Hotel (1796-1929) at New Jersey Avenue and C Street SE, which was designed by Clement A. Didden, Jr.

Mary Z. Gray. 301 East Capitol: Tales From the Heart of the Hill. Overbeck History Press, 2012. 263 pages, with period photographs. At age 93, Washington writer Mary Z. Gray remembers in delightful detail what it was like to grow up on Capitol Hill in the 1920s. A must-read for anyone interested in everyday life in the neighborhood in the early 20th century.

Jesse J. Holland. Black Men Built the Capitol: Discovering African-American History In and Around Washington, D.C. Globe Pequot, 2007. 192 pages, softcover. Recounts the numerous contributions of African Americans to the city’s construction and development, particularly in the years before emancipation.

Barbara J. Howe, Dolores A. Fleming, Emory L. Kemp, and Ruth Ann Overbeck. Houses and Homes. Exploring their History. Nashville: American Association for State and Local History, 1987. 168 pages. #2 in the Nearby History Series. Research techniques for composing a house history.

Harry S. Jaffe and Tom Sherwood. Dream City: Race, Power, and the Decline of Washington, D.C. Simon and Schuster, 1993. 352 pages. Two of Washington’s most respected journalists offer a depressing account of the city’s troubles in the latter years of the Marion Barry administration.

Constance McLaughlin Green. Washington: Village and Capital, 1800-1878. Princeton University Press, 1962. 445 pages. And Capital City, 1879-1950. Princeton University Press, 1963. Two volumes, 558 pages. Widely regarded as the definitive history of the District of Columbia. Although it contains no specific detailed chapters on Capitol Hill as such, the book does touch on people and places on Capitol Hill. There is an extensive bibliography including original source documents, memoirs, diaries, books, magazines, etc.

Constance McLaughlin Green. The Secret City. Princeton University Press, 1967. 389 pages. In this companion history to the volumes above, Green highlighted both the particular struggles and the accomplishments of Washington’s black citizens that had often been overlooked by white citizens.  

Frederick Gutheim, Consultant to the National Planning Commission. Worthy of the Nation. The History of Planning for the National Capital. Smithsonian, 1977. 415 pages. Heavily illustrated. Photo along East Capitol Street showing the still heavy canopy of elm trees. 30 page biographical essay.

David Levering Lewis. District of Columbia. A Bicentennial History. States and Nation Series, Norton, 1976. 208 pages. 16 pages of photographs. 5-page selective bibliography. Several pages each on early history of Capitol Hill and renovations in the 1960's.

Tom Lewis. Washington: A History of Our National City. Basic Books, 2015. 521 pages, with numerous maps and photographs. A good overview of the city's history, presented as a series of vignettes of individuals, both prominent and obscure, who built the city, shaped its politics and culture, and promoted or impeded the rights of its residents. Unfortunately, the book perpetuates the myth that Capitol Hill was once known as Jenkins Hill – a notion convincingly debunked [LINK to John Vlach article] by George Washington University professor emeritus John Vlach and others.

Kate Masur. An Example for All the Land: Emancipation and the Struggle over Equality in Washington, D.C. UNC Press, 2010. 364 pages, with photos, maps and illustrations. The title says it all. A thoroughly researched and documented account of the District’s unique emancipation experience in the 19th century.

Keith Melder. City of Magnificent Intentions: A History of Washington, District of Columbia. Intac, 1983. 706 pages, richly illustrated. Used for many years as a textbook in the DC public schools, this book provides a highly readable overview of the city’s history.

Nancy Pryor Metzger. Brick Walks and Iron Fences. Capitol Hill's History, Architecture, Walking Tours. Illustrated by Joseph Jacobs. Brickyard Press, 1976. 64 pages, softcover. Brief historical review, descriptions of period architecture, two walking tours. The book is still available at Riverby (417 East Capitol Street) and at Capitol Hill Books (657 C Street SE)

Jefferson Morley. Snow-Storm in August: Washington City, Francis Scott Key, and the Forgotten Race Riot of 1835. Nan A. Talese/Doubleday, 2012. 334 pages. A harrowing account of the racial tensions in Jacksonian Washington and their eruption in a race riot focused on Beverly Snow, a flamboyant former slave turned successful restauranteur. Francis Scott Key’s role as a prosecutor in the riot’s aftermath is not flattering.

Anthony S. Pitch. The Burning of Washington: The British Invasion of 1814. Naval Institute Press, 1998. Bluejacket Books, 2000. 298 pages. A riveting account of the invasion and how close we came to losing our new country.

John Clagett Proctor, editor. Washington Past and Present: A History. 5 volumes. Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1930. Typical of many state and local histories produced at that time. Two volumes of history of the city and its institutions. Three volumes on leading citizens of the time, including many photographs.

Daniel Drake Reiff. Washington Architecture 1791-1861. Problems in Development. U..S. Commission of Fine Arts. Government Printing Office, 1971. 161 pages. Many early photographs of District buildings, although only a few on Capitol Hill.

Kathryn Schneider Smith, editor. Washington at Home. An Illustrated History of Neighborhoods in the Nation's Capital, Second Edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010. 514 pages. A richly illustrated and meticulously documented book on Washington's neighborhoods. The chapter on Capitol Hill was written by Ruth Ann Overbeck and Nancy Metzger.

Sam Smith. Captive Capital, Colonial Life in Modern Washington. Indiana University Press, 1974. A very well written account (and protest) of Washington’s second-class status relative to the 50 states.

Brad Snyder. Beyond the Shadow of the Senators: The Untold Story of the Homestead Grays and the Integration of Baseball. McGraw-Hill, 2003. 418 pages. The Homestead Grays were Washington's Negro League baseball team, one of the best in the country.

Southeast Citizens Association. Places and Persons on Capitol Hill. Stories and Pictures of a Neighborhood.1960. Limited to 1000 numbered copies. 82 pages. Illustrated history of Capitol Hill prepared by the Citizens Association. Includes an 1857 map showing the location of buildings, a photograph of the Old Masonic Temple at Fifth Street and Virginia Avenue SE and of many other buildings demolished to make way for government buildings or other development.

William Tindall. Origin and Government of the District of Columbia. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1908. 226 pages, including Index. Printed for use of the Committee on the District of Columbia, House of Representatives. “The distinctive object of this compilation is to present in chronological order the essential features of the principal legislative and official measures affecting the origin, establishment, and local government of the permanent seat of government of the United States, but a number of historical facts of general interest and not strictly within that category have been included.”

George Alfred Townsend, and others. Events at the National Capital and the Campaign of 1876. Hartford: Jas. Betts & Company, 1876. 456 pages. 45 illustrations. “A complete history of the foundation and growth of our governing city, a description of the public buildings and manner of living there, a searching exposure of the various jobs and scandals which have excited public indignation, full biographies of Hayes, Wheeler, Tilden, and Hendricks, besides various political statistics.”

Charles Weller. Neglected Neighborhoods. Winston, 1909. 342 pages. Stories of life in alleys, tenements, and shanties of Washington. Photographs and descriptions.

Paul K. Williams and Gregory J. Alexander. Images of America: Capitol Hill. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2004. This 128-page paperback offers a general “visual history” of Capitol Hill, based on dozens of historical photos. Its five chapters cover Early Development; Military Influence; Churches, Hospitals and Commercial Institutions; Community Life; and Union Station and Transportation. Co-author Paul K. Williams, who served as an early adviser to the Overbeck Project, has also written “Images of America” books on other Washington neighborhoods, including Dupont Circle, Greater U Street, Cleveland Park and Woodley Park, plus Georgetown University. His Capitol Hill book is dedicated to Ruth Ann Overbeck.

Paul K. Williams and T. Luke Young. Then & Now: Washington, D.C.  Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2002. This paperback is a mostly pictorial sampling of Washington history, with 19th and early 20th century scenes presented alongside more recent views of the same locations. The 96-page book has five chapters: People and Entertainment; Commercial Activities; Institutional Roles; Parks and Recreation; and Residential Life.

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